The epic Ramayana has no recorded date of origin as such and was passed from generation to generation through oral transmission, and most people are even of the opinion that it only a well-written mythology. What cannot be doubted is the fact that there are valuable lessons and clues to be learnt and taken from the sacred book of the Hindus on what are the qualities that define a great leader and what he/ she must do and believe in for getting others to follow and display teamwork.
Though Rama was born in a royal family but in the mortal world, he was without all the powers associated with being an Avatar of Lord Vishnu. He was taught by the best Gurus on virtues required from a leader (since he was heir-apparent to the throne of Dasharatha), became a master bowman.
When the time came for Dasharatha to announce the crown-prince, he was forced to fulfill an old promise to Kaikeyi (one of his wives) and banish Rama from the kingdom of Ayodhya for a period of 14 years.
Rama accepted the exile terms way more gracefully than his father who eventually died of depression.
LEARNING - The result of it was that he set a precedent for the subjects of Ayodhya for being obedient and respectful towards the king. Moreover, he gained their utmost respect for not being a greedy person and being a virtuous human being.
Living in the woods wasn’t a big problem for Rama, Lakshamana and Sita, well, not until Ravana got the desire for having Sita as his wife. He ultimately kidnapped her leaving Rama with minimal clues on the mishap.
Down the line, looking around for Sita, he met up with Hanumana whom he had had made a great connection with when both of them were very young. Hanumana in turn introduced him to Sugriva, the dethroned king of Kishkindha.
After killing off Bali, Rama got Sugriva back on the throne who fulfilled his promise of finding out what happened to Sita. Sugriva set up search parties to go looking for her in all four directions and gave Rama an army of monkeys to go fight Ravana and rescue Sita.
LEARNING – Had Rama taken up the work of tracing Sita, it would have taken eons. He was wise to take help for that and the result was the swift spotting of her whereabouts in Lanka by Hanumana. Time was at a premium and ultimately it paid off that she had been located quick enough.
At land’s end, Rama worships the god of the ocean, Varuna and requests him to make way so that his army can cross over to Lanka. When Varuna doesn’t appear before him, he threatens Varuna of shooting arrows into the ocean which would dry it up. A terrified Varuna finally appears and tells him that he cannot give way.
Instead, he suggests that Rama should ask Nala and Neela from his vanara army to build a bridge of rocks across the ocean to Lanka since Nala and Neela had powers to make stones float over water.
Under the supervision of Nala and Neela, the vanara army builds a sea-bridge across the ocean within a span of five days.
Later, Rama sent the crowned prince of Kiskindha, Angada as an envoy to the court of Ravana. Angada was brave, and he was the right person to face Ravana since Angada was a prince. It was a matter of handling stately affairs.
LEARNING – Rama got the right persons for the right jobs. That is the thing a leader must know – what job to assign to who.
When Ahiravana, the king of Patala loka kidnapped Rama and Lakhshamana and was about to execute them, Hanumana arrived at the right time and finished Ahiravana off. It was Hanumana’s quick thinking and confidence that Rama had bestowed upon him that made him take an independent decision.
LEARNING – The best quality of a good leader is that he/ she makes the subordinates so comfortable that they can take independent decisions that too without the fear of failure.
After killing Ravana and rescuing Sita from the Ashoka Vatika, Rama made Vibhishana the new king of Lanka.
LEARNING – In making Vibhishana the king of Lanka, Rama showed his noble intent of not being over-ambitious about it. He had won the war and technically Lanka belonged to him but this move of his made sure he created an ally for life who’d rule Lanka on the same principles Rama had.